Set up universal links for iOS

Deep linking is a mechanism for launching an app with a URI. This URI contains scheme, host, and path, and opens the app to a specific screen.

A universal link is a type of deep link that uses http or https and is exclusive to Apple devices.

Setting up universal links requires one to own a web domain. Otherwise, consider using Firebase Hosting or GitHub Pages as a temporary solution.

1. Customize a Flutter application

Write a Flutter app that can handle an incoming URL. This example uses the go_router package to handle the routing. The Flutter team maintains the go_router package. It provides a simple API to handle complex routing scenarios.

  1. To create a new application, type flutter create <app-name>.

     $ flutter create deeplink_cookbook
  2. To include the go_router package as a dependency, run flutter pub add:

     $ flutter pub add go_router
  3. To handle the routing, create a GoRouter object in the main.dart file:

    import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
     import 'package:go_router/go_router.dart';
     void main() => runApp(MaterialApp.router(routerConfig: router));
     /// This handles '/' and '/details'.
     final router = GoRouter(
       routes: [
           path: '/',
           builder: (_, __) => Scaffold(
             appBar: AppBar(title: const Text('Home Screen')),
           routes: [
               path: 'details',
               builder: (_, __) => Scaffold(
                 appBar: AppBar(title: const Text('Details Screen')),

2. Adjust iOS build settings

  1. Launch Xcode.
  2. Open the ios/Runner.xcworkspace file inside the project’s ios folder.
  3. Navigate to the Info Plist file in the ios/Runner folder.

    Xcode info.Plist screenshot

  4. In the Info property list, control-click at the list to add a row.
  5. Control-click the newly added row and turn on the Raw Keys and Values mode
  6. Update the key to FlutterDeepLinkingEnabled with a Boolean value set to YES.

    flutter deeplinking enabled screenshot

  7. Click the top-level Runner.
  8. Click Signing & Capabilities.
  9. Click + Capability to add a new domain.
  10. Click Associated Domains.

    Xcode associated domains screenshot

  11. In the Associated Domains section, click +.
  12. Enter applinks:<web domain>. Replace <web domain> with your own domain name.

    Xcode add associated domains screenshot

You have finished configuring the application for deep linking.

3. Hosting apple-app-site-association file

You need to host an apple-app-site-association file in the web domain. This file tells the mobile browser which iOS application to open instead of the browser. To create the file, get the app ID of the Flutter app you created in the previous step.

App ID

Apple formats the app ID as <team id>.<bundle id>.

  • Locate the bundle ID in the Xcode project.
  • Locate the team ID in the developer account.

For example: Given a team ID of S8QB4VV633 and a bundle ID of com.example.deeplinkCookbook, The app ID is


The hosted file should have the following content:

  "applinks": {
      "apps": [],
      "details": [
        "appID": "",
        "paths": ["*"]
  1. Set the appID value to <team id>.<bundle id>.

  2. Set the paths value to ["*"]. The paths field specifies the allowed universal links. Using the asterisk, * redirects every path to the Flutter application. If needed, change the paths value to a setting more appropriate to your app.

  3. Host the file at a URL that resembles the following: <webdomain>/.well-known/apple-app-site-association

  4. Verify that your browser can access this file.


You can use a real device or the Simulator to test a universal link, but first make sure you have executed flutter run at least once on the devices. This ensures that the Flutter application is installed.

Simulator screenshot

If using the Simulator, test using the Xcode CLI:

$ xcrun simctl openurl booted https://<web domain>/details

Otherwise, type the URL in the Note app and click it.

If everything is set up correctly, the Flutter application launches and displays the details screen:

Deeplinked Simulator screenshot


Source code: deeplink_cookbook